Predatory Loans Cost Communities of Color $400 Billion Between 2009 and 2012. Learn How Credit Repair Can Reverse That.
Everyone knows their credit score can have a big effect on borrowing power – and with that, the ability to buy a car, own a home, or obtain a fair credit interest rate. But have you ever thought about how your race plays into it?
For years, when it comes to calculating risk assessment. Studies show that just living in a primarily Black neighborhood can hinder your ability to get a mortgage loan, for example.
Another study found that from 2007 – 2009, to foreclosure at a rate almost double that of White people.
Not only that, but Latin and African-American borrowers often experience higher interest rates – according to research.
Overall, says, "Experts estimate that the higher rates of foreclosure on predatory mortgages wiped out nearly $400 billion in communities of color between 2009 and 2012. The companies that buy up debts and take people to court target people of color more than any other group."
These statistics are the sad reality of a system that stacks the odds against certain populations. But why is this the case?
The Reality of Credit Discrimination / The Credit-Debt Cycle of DestructionWhy do predatory lenders target people of color more than other groups? The harsh reality is, these demographic groups are often targeted for their financial vulnerability.
Debt.org says that predatory lending, “benefits the lender and ignores or hinders the borrower’s ability to repay the debt.” In other words, predatory lenders take advantage of people in tough situations, and with little financial know-how. This dubious practice results in profits for the lenders but leaves the borrower in a risky and potentially disastrous situation.
Wealth inequality by race is another contributor to credit discrimination. Pew Research says the net worth of White households was 13 times the median of Black households and 10 times that of Hispanic households in 2013.
A lower net worth means less money set aside for a rainy day and fewer resources to draw on (whether it’s savings or the help of a family member). Imagine this scenario: A low credit score makes it hard to get a loan, so your loan interest rates are higher. A higher interest rate is tougher to pay back, and you’re. Such predatory and high-risk, high-cost loan conditions have led many families to ruined credit, foreclosure, and even homelessness.
How Big Data Could Reinforce the Systemic OppressionDetermining credit scores has always been a complex game, and it’s becoming more so. The raging debate about fairness/discrimination in the risk assessment world continues to grow more heated as artificial intelligence plays a bigger role.
Your credit score is determined by information in your credit report including payment history, credit history, the balance-to-limit ratio on your credit cards, recent activity, and overall debt. More recently, it may also include other data points like your zip code, which dating platforms you use, or even sexual orientation and political beliefs.
Major players in the FinTech (financial technology) world to determine credit scores. Lenddo, for example, uses exclusively “non-traditional data derived from a customer's social data and online behavior.”
The problem with this is that data points like zip codes to systematically deny loans to people of color. And it could happen again.
How Credit Repair Businesses Help Break the Vicious Debt CycleYou may feel compelled to help because you know people who have been unfairly targeted with predatory loans. You may want to help because it’s happened to you. For whatever reason, if you feel driven to help others out of a credit trap, you may have what it takes to run a credit repair business and call yourself a hero.
Credit repair businesses reverse the discriminatory loan cycle by: